Couture Sewing Techniques, by Claire B. Shaeffer - Really good book for fine sewing, I look at it often.
The Bishop Method, by Bishop Arch - This was the method I learned in 7th grade.
Sewing Secrets from the Fashion Industry, by Susan Huxley: Sewing with Nancy's Favorite Hints, by Nancy Zieman: and Clotilde's Sew Smart - These 3 books have really good sewing tricks and tips. After having read through them once I don't really use them.
Sew a Beautiful Wedding, by Gail Brown and Karen Dillon
Easy, Easier, Easiest Tailoring, by Pati Palmer and Susan Pletsch.
The earliest one from 1937 is really good, I have to say. There are pages that discuss different body types and the most flattering silhouettes, also what colors looks best on different people.
But then I just read the intro to the 30s Simplicity book and it says that the first step in sewing success is selecting a pattern ... and then they say "It is always well to be frank with yourself. Once you admit the existence of any figure defect, you are halfway on the road to remedying it."
I wonder if we are all being frank enough with ourselves?
Authentic Victorian Dressmaking Techniques, edited by Kristina Harris - available from Dover books, it is a reprint of a book from 1905 by Butterick.
Making Smart Clothes, from 1930 by Butterick - I'm told this book is fairly easy to find used because so many were printed.
The Dressmaker's Guide 1840-1865 by Elizabeth Stewart Clark - a modern book that demystifies 19th century sewing. Great for re-enactors and to supplement the instruction from a commercial pattern. You can buy it HERE.
I think the illustrations and instructions are very clear. Several options are given for most operations. There are some nice projects included. I'm sure there is an updated version which would include things like serging. The copyright on this one is 1976.
I just found the new version HERE. You can also find this old one starting at $4.